Observed Water Cycle Predictability and NEWS Organization

April 20, 2012 | By | Add a Comment

Houser, P. (PI); 01/12/2011-01/11/2014:  Observed Water Cycle Predictability and NEWS Organization.  NASA-NEWS Program, $568,296; 0.3 FTE/yr (GMU)., Sponsor POC: Dr..Jared Entin (202/358-0275, jared.k.entin@nasa.gov), Award #NX11AE32G

Summary: The overarching goal of the NASA Energy and Water Cycle Study (NEWS) is to document and enable improved, observationally-based, predictions of energy and water cycle consequences of Earth system variability and change. NEWS is nearing completion of its first 5-year phase, which has focused on the first coordinated attempt to describe the complete global energy and water cycle using existing satellite and ground based observations, laying the foundation for essential NEWS developments in model representations of atmospheric energy and water exchange processes. The NEWS implementation plan clearly states that the key question is to what extent expected climate changes are related to changes in the rate of the Earth’s energy and water cycles, and how well that can be predicted in the future. Much progress has been made towards addressing this question in the first phase of NEWS, which has focused on the first coordinated attempt to describe the complete global energy and water cycle using existing satellite and ground based observations.  However, I propose to address one of the most significant outstanding gaps in NEWS phase 1, which is to use this coordinated observation-based global water and energy cycle description to assess global water and energy cycle predictability. In addition this proposal also supports the PI’s role as NEWS project scientist, provides support for maintenance of the NEWS web site and data center, and will provide limited support to maintain some NASA cold-season field observations.

 

Filed in: Current Support

Dr. Paul R. Houser

About the Author (Author Profile)

Dr. Houser in an internationally recognized expert in local to global land surface-atmospheric remote sensing, in-situ observation and numerical simulation, development and application of hydrologic data assimilation methods, scientific integrity and policy, and global water and energy cycling. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Hydrology and Water Resources from the University of Arizona in 1992 and 1996 respectively. Dr. Houser's previous experience includes internships at the U.S. Geological Survey and at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Dr. Houser joined the NASA-GSFC Hydrological Sciences Branch and the Data Assimilation Office (DAO/GMAO) in 1997, served as manager of NASA’s Land Surface Hydrology Program, and served as branch head of the Hydrological Science Branch. In 2005, he joined the George Mason University Climate Dynamics Program and the Geography and Geoinformation Sciences Department as Professor of Global Hydrology, and formed CREW (the Center for Research for Environment and Water). Dr. Houser has also teamed with groundwater development and exploration companies (EarthWater Global and Geovesi) and has served as Science Advisor to the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. Dr. Houser has led numerous scientific contributions, including the development of Land Data Assimilation Systems (LDAS), the Hydrospheric States Mission (Hydros/SMAP), the Land Information System (LIS), the NASA Energy and Water cycle Study (NEWS), and the Water Cycle Solutions Network (WaterNet).

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